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Fossil goniatites are an important source of information about the evolution of these marine organisms and the history of life on Earth. Goniatites are a type of extinct ammonoid cephalopod that lived during the Devonian and Carboniferous periods, around 416 to 299 million years ago.

Fossil goniatites are found in a variety of sedimentary rocks, including limestone, shale, and sandstone. These fossils provide important information about the morphology, behavior, and distribution of goniatites, as well as the environmental conditions that existed during their lifetimes.

Fossil goniatites include a diverse array of forms, ranging from small, simple forms to large, complex ones with intricate shell structures. These fossils provide important information about the evolution and diversification of cephalopods over time, as well as their ecological roles in ancient marine ecosystems.

Fossil goniatites are often studied by paleontologists using a variety of techniques, such as comparative anatomy, morphometrics, and molecular biology. By comparing the morphology of fossil specimens with those of living cephalopods, scientists can gain insights into the evolutionary relationships between different groups and the ways in which they have adapted to different environments.

Fossil goniatites are also important indicators of past environmental conditions. For example, the presence of goniatites fossils in a particular rock formation can provide clues about the water depth, temperature, and salinity of the ancient environment.

Overall, the study of fossil goniatites is an important part of paleontology, providing valuable insights into the evolution and diversification of these organisms over millions of years. By studying these fossils, scientists can gain a better understanding of the history of life on Earth, as well as the complex interactions between different species and their environments.